Brihadeeshwara Temple is originally known as Peruvudaiyar Kovil locally known as Thanjai Periya Kovil. It is located in Thanjavur. It is one of the largest Hindu temples and an exemplary example of a fully realized Tamil architecture.
It was built by Raja Raja Chola I in 1010 AD, Brihadeshwara Temple is an ancient temple . The deity of the temple is Lord Shiva,in his dancing pose who is called the Nataraj. The temple is also known as Rajeswara Temple, Rajarajeswaram and Periya Kovil. The temple was built, like a fortress on the shores of a river, by the king to grace the Chola Empire. This thousand-year-old temple is now part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site adding to its exceptional historical and cultural value. The truth is that the secret of the construction of the great temple is still unknown. The large temple construction system is designed in the form of light bonding. During the construction of this temple, when each stone was bound, a threaded gap was left behind. The reason is the way the temple was built and the pure granite stones used for it. While everyone thinks that granite was introduced in the 20th century, it is surprising that over 130,000 tons of granite was used in this temple about 1000 years ago. The temple is a magnificent architectural construct that will never stop surprising anyone visiting the temple. The major attraction of the temple is the 216-feet-tall tower that is built above the Sanctum of the temple. This flamboyant tower can be seen by anyone entering the city from afar. Another breathtaking thing that will sure stupefy the visitor is the magnificent Nandi statue built at the temple; it is about two meters in height, six meters in length and two-and-half meters in width, and weighs around a whopping 20 tons for a statue built from a single stone. Various postures of the famous classical dance, Bharathanatyam, are sculpted finely on the exterior walls of the upper storey of the temple. The temple is a myriad of surprises , by its architectural features. The topmost structure of the temple, called Vimana, weighs around 80 tons, and it is a mystery how the builders got it up there. There are several musical pillars, which make different sounds when taped, at the temple. The architecture of the temple is done so cleverly that the temple casts no shadow on the ground when the sun is at its peak. This is a phenomenon that attracts thousands of tourists and architectural enthusiasts from across the world to unravel the architectural mystery of the temple. Brihadeshwara Temple is also the first all-granite temple in the world, and the fact that granites are not available within the 100-mile radius of the temple only makes it all the more astonishing. Granite is as heavy a stone to carry as it is to carve, but none of that seemed to have shied the king from realizing the temple the way he envisaged.
It took only 7 years to built the temple. The Thanjavur Great Temple is a majestic work of art built over a thousand years ago in a time when science was not developed and there were no technical tools.Foreign researchers researching the Great Temple, with the help of today’s state-of-the-art techniques and science, are still scratching their heads over the mystery of its construction, despite standing upside down and researching the anchor. Yet they themselves come to an assumption and come to the conclusion that they would have built like this, or built like that.The majesty of the temple carries it’s pride to many centuries.