Jallianwala Bagh tragedy- a large peaceful crowd gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar on april 13, 1919 to protest against the arrest of leaders like Dr. Saifuddin kitchlu and Dr. Satya pal. jallianwala bagh had only one exit, it’s other three sides was enclosed with buildings.
General Dyer- the military commander of Amritsar, surrounded the Bagh(which means garden) with his soldiers. after closing the exit with his troops, he ordered them to shoot at the crowd. the troops kept on firing till their ammunition was exhausted.
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took the lives of as many as 379 people, as Colonel Reginald Dyer ordered to open fire on them. Around 1200 people were injured during the firing.
People from the Sikh community gathered on the occasion of the Baisakhi festival near the Golden Temple.
As many as 90 British Indian Army soldiers, commanded by Colonel Reginald Dyer, opened fire on over 20,000 unarmed men, women, and children without any warning or order to disperse.
During the inquiry, Dyer said that it was a necessary measure as Punjab, along with Bengal, was the hub of anti-British rebels and anti-empire movements and that the firing was “not to disperse the meeting but to punish the Indians for disobedience.”
Such a heinous incident triggered a nationwide uproar. Rabindranath Tagore rejected his knighthood, Gandhi called for nationwide protests and generations awakened to the tune of independence. Even the British nationals were furious about the massacre. Colonel Dyer was dropped from the House of Commons.
After the massacre, the British government made a half hearted attempt at constitutional reform. But, it also made it clear that it had no intention of parting with political power or sharing it with indians. Also, the british government refused to annul the Rowlett Act and make amends for the atrocities in Punjab.
Jallianwala Bagh massacre happened 103 years ago, however, the day is registered in the heart of every Indian.